Winds of war (1931-1947)
Already in the late 1920s, the artist had a clear perception of the threatening clouds looming over the Jewish people. His colours became darker, the shadows increased and effigies of the crucified Christ and the Virgin Mary appeared, juxtaposed with those of Jewish people trying to escape and a Rabbi attempting to save the Torah scrolls. The growing Nazi threat forced Chagall and his family into exile in the United States in 1940. Four years later, he was additionally afflicted by profound mourning for the sudden death of his life partner Bella.